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Pelvic Ultrasound

Ultrasound An ultrasound machine uses sound waves to create an image of the pelvic organs –  particularly the uterus, ovaries and oviducts.  The image is displayed on a monitor and a  photo of the image is printed and kept in the patient’s chart.  The ultrasound is primarily used to obtain an accurate determination of the length of the pregnancy.

A certified sonographer who has received formal training in measuring fetal structures for age dating performs the ultrasound.  Our physicians also use the ultrasound for  evaluating patients.  While it is common to feel pressure in the abdomen or the vagina, there is very little or no discomfort associated with an ultrasound.

Numerous studies have been performed to determine the risks of ultrasound in  pregnancy.  The studies have determined that there are no known risks and no confirmed  biological hazards.

Our office uses two types of ultrasound:

Transabdominal ultrasound involves scanning through the skin of your lower abdomen.  A small amount of ultrasound gel is put on the skin of the lower abdomen with the ultrasound probe then scanning through this gel.  The gel helps improve contact between the probe and your skin.

Transvaginal ultrasound involves scanning with the ultrasound probe lying in the vagina.  This ultrasound usually produces better and clearer images of the developing pregnancy and of the female pelvic organs because the ultrasound probe lies closer to these structures.

The transvaginal ultrasound probe is thin, about 2 cm diameter.  The probe is covered with a disposable protective sheath.  A small amount of ultrasound gel is placed on the end of this probe.  The probe is then gently inserted a short distance into the vagina.  All transvaginal probes are sterilized according to recommended protocols.

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